The term “eczema” is often used interchangeably with “rash” or “dermatitis”, but eczema is non-contagious and characterized by red, itchy, dry patches of skin that can develop anywhere on your body, although it's most commonly found on the feet, knees, hands, elbows, chest, and scalp. It’s estimated that 1 in 4 Americans has eczema, and symptoms are not the same for everyone. Furthermore, there are several types of eczema and dermatitis, among which include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, neurodermatitis, nummular eczema, seborrheic eczema , and stasis dermatitis.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but there are multiple known factors to be aware of, such as genetics, stress, hormone changes (e.g., puberty, pregnancy, menstruation), circulatory problems, or even environmental triggers. Some of the environmental triggers include irritants (such as detergents, soaps, or fruit/vegetable juices) allergens (mold, pollen, and pets); bacteria, viruses, and fungi; various foods (including dairy, nuts, soy); certain fabrics; and insect bites.
Though there is currently no cure for eczema, our dermatologists help thousands of Eczema patients per year and have the knowledge and experience to provide relief. A treatment plan can involve any of the following options: moisturizing lotions and/or creams, topical anti-itch medications, oral antihistamines, and light therapy.